Mental Task Design Based on EEG Signal for Brain Computer Interface System
Keywords:BCI, Cyton, Mental activity, Mental task, Wheelchair, Assistive device
Brain computer interface (BCI) system empowers command over external device by retrieving brain waves and interpreting them into machine instructions. The system utilizes electroencephalogram (EEG) for receiving, processing and classifying signals to control by means of brain generated signals. The paper focused on mental task designs for BCI by acquiring the signals generated by mental activity using EEG comb electrodes, placed over three-dimensional (3D) printed headset. The experiment involved the blinking of left and right eyes for the forward and backward movements of the prototype wheelchair. The experimental measurement was performed using a Cyton board where the information was transmitted through Bluetooth which were later processed and translated to the wheelchair to perform activities. The system has successfully achieved the real time control of an assistive device by using signals from the brain.